Soaring 18 m (60 feet) into the sky, the two enthroned statues of Amenhotep III are the first monuments most visitors see on arriving in the West Bank. They originally guarded Amenhotep mortuary temple thought to have been the largest ever built in Egypt, which was plundered for building material by later Pharaohs and gradually destroyed by the annual floods. All that remains are the two faceless colossi which despite the ravages of time are an important massive sight.
During the Roman period the northernmost statue became a popular tourist attraction as it was heard to sing at sunrise Prominent visitors to the site to hear his peculiar phenomenon included the Emperor Hadrian, and the Colossi mentioned by classical authors such as Strabo and Pliny.
The Greeks had earlier attributed the sounds to legendry figure of Memnon greeting his mother Eos, the goddess of dawn, with a sigh each morning.
In fact the statue had been badly damaged during an earth quake in 27 BC and its musical talent properly had a purely physical cause to the damage it had sustained. Whatever the reason once the statue had been repaired in AD 199 by the Roman emperor Septimius Severus, the singing stopped.